A Dialog interrupts the current page to display an important message or decision in a window in front of all the other content on the page. This window disables all other functionality of the current page until a required action is taken or the Dialog is dismissed.
A Dialog is made up of 3 main areas and the dark overlay that covers the remainder of the page.
Title: Ideally, the H1 title in a Dialog should not span more than one line. The title gives the user an understanding of the message or decision they are being presented with.
Content area: More detailed information is contained within the content section of a Dialog. This section is a minimum of 120px tall and has varying widths for the different types of Dialogs.
Footer: The footer is where all the actions are located within a Dialog. It will be stickied when the contents of the Dialog exceed the height of the viewport so that the available actions remain visible to the user at all times. More information on scrolling and sticky footers can be found in the behavior and best practices sections.
- Primary actions are located on the far right
- Secondary actions are to the left of the primary action
- Tertiary actions are located on the far left
Overlay: The dark overlay covers the remainder of the page. Clicking into the darkness is one of the ways a user can dismiss a Dialog.
Dialogs should always be horizontally centered within the viewport.
When the Dialog is shorter than the viewport it should be centered vertically. In situations where the Dialog exceeds the height of the viewport, 36px padding should be applied between the Dialog and the top of the viewport when it first appears to the user. The entire Dialog then scrolls while the content underneath remains static.
Types and states
There are 3 sizes of Dialogs: small, standard and large.
Small Dialogs have a width of 475px. They are most commonly used to interrupt the user with a short confirmation message, such as a delete confirmation or warning of data loss if navigating away from a page.
Standard Dialogs have a width of 675px. Standard Dialogs are used for messages that are longer in length, such as legal jargon.
A large Dialog has a width of 875px and is often reserved for when there is more functionality that needs to be contained within, such as a table.
Closing a Dialog
There are two ways that a Dialog can be closed and the recommended option depends on the type of content contained within a Dialog. Most Dialogs will have more than one way to close them.
- Clicking into the darkness: This is standard functionality that is enabled automatically when using the Dialog component. This functionality should be disabled when a Dialog contains data entry so that accidental clicks do not result in data loss.
- Clicking a button: The Dialog should close after clicking on the provided actions within the footer area. Even for short messages we recommend providing the user with a "Close" button.
When the contents of a Dialog exceed the height of the viewport for the user, scrolling within the Dialog becomes available.
- The contents within the Dialog scrolls, with the exception of the footer.
- The Dialog footer will be stickied to the bottom of the Dialog to always remain visible on the screen.
- The background contents remain static as the Dialog scrolls.
- Padding should be applied to the top and bottom of the Dialog.
- Avoid scrolling by keeping the messages brief and limiting the functionality within the Dialog.
- Avoid including forms in a Dialog
- Keep titles short so that they do not wrap onto more than one line.